Why personal hygiene and environmental sanitation?
A number of environmental factors influence the spread of infectious diseases including water supply, food sources, and sanitation facilities. Good hygiene – particularly hand hygiene – is one of the simplest and most effective ways to prevent the spread of diseases including diarrhoea, cholera, dysentery, hepatitis A, and typhoid (United Nations). Yet, in Nigeria 68% of the population has no access to a toilet and more than two thirds of the population don’t have access to adequate sanitation (Wateraid). In these communities, people are at high risk of spreading and dying from infectious diseases.
Additionally, the economic impact of poor sanitation and hygiene costs the Nigerian economy the equivalent of almost 1.3% of gross domestic product (GDP) annually according to the World Bank’s Water Sanitation Program.
How does DRASA educate and drive behavior change in communities?